On 20 July 2019 marks the 50th anniversary of one of the largest event in humankind and new discoveries in space exploration, Moon Landing. Any spacecraft that have been made and has been send to the Moon whether it is crewed by human or uncrewed by robotic for Moon exploration missions were called as Moon Landing. On 12 September 1959, Soviet Union’s Luna 2 was the first human-made object that travels toward the Moon and impacted on the Moon on 14 September for the first time after the radio signal from Luna 2 abruptly ceased. Luna 2 first mission was to experiment the behavior of gas in space by releasing abright orange cloud of sodium gas.
Luna 2,originally named the Second Soviet Cosmic Rocket
The first crewed spacecraft that landed on the Moon surface for its missions was from the United States Apollo 11. The crew for this space missions include Neil Armstrong as commander; Edwin E. Aldrin Jr. as lunar module pilot; Michael Collins as command module pilot. The voyage began on July 16 when a Saturn V rocket launched the Apollo 11 into earth orbit from Cape Kennedy, and on the third stage of the Saturn V refired to send Apollo on its journey toward the Moon. On July 19, Apollo 11 went behind the Moon and fired its service module rocket, to go into lunar orbit.Command and service module rocket called Columbiafunctioned as the mothership that carried a crew of three astronauts and the second Apollo spacecraft, the lunar module called Eagle to lunar orbit and brought the astronauts back to Earth.
Saturn V, The three-stage liquid-propellant expendable rocket was developed to support the Apollo program for human exploration of the Moon
After 24 hours in lunar orbit, Neil Armstrong and Edwin E. Aldrin Jr. separated Eagle from Columbia to prepare for descent on the lunar surface and the lunar module landed on the Moon on July 20. At 10:56 pm, Neil Armstrong descending from the lunar module’s ladder and touch his foot on the Moon’s surface for the first time in the mankind history. Then he says,
“That’s one small step for a man, one giant leap for mankind.”
The footprint set by Neil Armstrong on the Moon’s surface.
After that, Aldrin joined Armstrong and perform their assigned tasks before a live television camera been set up on the Moon’s surface. Both of them explored the area around their lunar landing site for more than two hours.They explore the surface for two and half hours collecting soil and rock samples, and taking photographs. Then they planted an American flag, and leave behind a patch honoring the fallen Apollo 1 crew, and a plaque on one of Eagle’s legs. It reads,
“Here men from the planet Earth first set foot upon the moon. July 1969 A.D.
We came in peace for all mankind.”
This moon landing event showed that human being can surpass beyond anything that seem impossible by trying and be passionate in everything that you love to do. Space exploration are not impossible after the achievement of the Moon landing missions, means that we can explore more in our magnificient Universe.
Unfortunately, there is also controversy upon this Moon landing missions saying that all the stories and mission itself was a lie and being faked by the government. It is because the U.S government seems so desperate to beat the Russians in this space race when the Russians also compete in sending their man to explore the space and also the Moon. They said that Armstrong and Aldrin acts their missions in a film set full of craters and dusty surface that looks just like the Moon’s surface. All the photos and videos of the Apollo 11 missions are kept by Nasa itself and it become more doubtful after the evidence can’t be accessed by anyone for further investigation. To be simplified, the doubters said that this missions are nothing but hoax and a fake story created by U.S government to show their potential in this exploration.Until today, the truth still been untold and the doubts still lingering among the people that don’t believe this lunar landing missions and became infamous as conspiracy theories among the peoples.
Written by : Izzulziqry
Internship Student UM, 2019